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Baluchi rugs are mainly woven by Baluchi tribal weavers in southwest of Pakistan, northeast
of Iran and northwest of Afghanistan. Baluchi rugs are mainly geometric. The Blauchi
tree-of-life prayer rug is the most well known of all Baluchi designs. Other designs include
repeating all-overs with floral motifs or repeating all-overs with abstract living creatures
such as animals (birds are common) and humans. The main colors used in Baluchi rugs are
red, dark blue, camel, beige and white. A common border design is a zigzag design also
seen in Turkoman and Anatolian borders. Baluchi rugs are generally made in small sizes.
Even though Baluchi rugs are sometimes sold under the name of the specific tribe which has
woven them such as the Mushwani, Nishapur, Dokhtar-e-Ghazi, Koudani and Haft Bolah
and the village of Chichaksu, often times Baluchi rugs are marketed by the names of
Mashad or Herat Baluchi. Herat Baluchi rugs are made in Afghanistan and are mainly
prayer rugs. The Mashad Baluchi rugs are made in Iran and are generally all-over repeats.
The famous tree-of-life prayer rug has several minor borders and guard strips. The mihrab
is in a camel color, usually undyed camel hair, which looks like a very geometric narrow
and long human trunk with a square head. Above the mihrab arch, on the field, there are
two square corners very similar to the design and the color of the interior of the mihrab
itself. The design inside the mihrab includes a tree with several branches with maple leaves.
Each leaf is divided into four quarters. The quarters across from each other are the same
color; two are blue and two are red. Inside the head (top of the tree) the leaves become
more similar to the Turkoman gul. The borders are generally in red, navy and very little
white with small geometric shapes that look similar to hooks or the Turkoman gul.
In the all-over layout with repeating floral motifs, a common design consists of rows of red
square flowers with smaller white flowers in between the rows. The background is generally
dark blue and the flowers are usually inside a lattice of some form, sometimes a diamond
shape. The main borders are generally red. The minor borders have the zigzag design in
white. These designs are often called Mina-khani.
Geometric Animals